When it comes to setting up your electric fence, every animal/predator has a different requirment for the fence to work as an active deterrent.

 

The examples below are a rough guide based on typical animal sizes.

 

This list only serves as an example of animals based on size, an electric fence energiser will work with any animal whose feet would be in contact with the ground at the same time that they touch the fence, other animals not listed here would be things like llamas, ostriches, bufallo, bison, etc,

 

Animals which are unlikely to be affected would be small mammals and birds like mice, moles, crows, ravens etc.

Cattle are very sensitive to electric fencing, so you can get away with a single line at around 90cm from the ground when strip-grazing dairy cows. However, for herds containing young calves, you will need two lines.

 

Horses are naturally sensitive, incredibly intelligent animals, they will learn within a matter of days to avoid areas of fencing which have an electric fence energiser attached.

The electric fence does not harm the animal permanently but provides a quick, concise reminder not to touch or rub up on that particular stretch of fence

 

Pigs are sensitive to the effects of electric fences, they are very intelligent and learn quickly to stay away from electrified fence areas.

 

Chickens, ducks and other fowl are very sensitive to the effects of electric fences, they learn very quickly and a well fitted electric fence serves to ultimately protect them from themselves.

 

Ducks and pheasants can obviously fly but if they are in an enclosure or pen, an electric fence will encourage them to stay away from the perimeter and out of harms reach from foxes and other predators

 

Sheep, being naturally well insulated, need multiple lines to ensure they get a shock where they can actually feel it. Three lines is the norm for temporary electric fencing; five lines provide more security for permanent electric fences. In the five-wire fence, don’t energise the bottom wire – designed to stop animals slipping underneath the fence – or growing vegetation will cause shorting.

Herons can, obviously fly and land where they like, they will however try and stand and walk by the edge of a pond, being naturally tall, the ideal spacing is at approximately 30cm and 60cm.

This will offer very basic protection, for a more rigourous protection, consider an electric mesh stretched across the pond, this will add an element of physical protection with the added bonus of the electrification for more persistant predators.

 
 

Dogs are very sensitive, highly intelligent and quick to learn, they will very quickly understand the purpose of the electric fence.

 

Dogs obviously vary in size so typically the wire spacing for different dog breeds will vary, if you are trying to prevent dogs from digging under or jumping over a boundary, you will have to alter the line height accordingly.

Nobody likes to think about causing their beloved pet discomfort, this is why we suggest dog owners consider our lowest powered electric fence energiser for dogs, the BA10.

 

Foxes are extremely cunning and intelligent, they will learn quickly that the fence is difficult and uncomfortable to cross.

A fence set up for protection from foxes needs to discourage digging and jumping, for this reason it should feature more lines closer together.

It is imortant to ensure there is as little vegetation as possible touching the bottom lines as this will impact on the power conduction across the whole fence.

 

Rabbits are naturally cautious and sensitive, they will initially avoid the fence because it is new, they will then learn the fence is uncomfortable to touch before attempting to burrow or dig underneath.

 

An electric fence will protect against rabbits on a temporary basis but for a more permanent solution, an electric fence should be used in conjuction with a mesh buried to a depth of 30 cm.

 

Because of the size of rabbits and the close proximity to the ground, it is important to have the lines very close together and to ensure they are clear of touching vegetation wherever possible

 

Deer are extremely sensitive, shy, intelligent animals, they will learn within a matter of days to avoid areas of fencing which have an electric fence energiser attached.

The electric fence does not harm the animal permanently but provides a quick, concise reminder not to touch or rub up on that particular stretch of fence

 

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